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给人工智能戴上法制“紧箍”

日期:2022-09-25 20:37:16 作者:福玩28 浏览:961 次
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本文重点:给人工智能戴上法制“紧箍”   日本垃圾分类可谓细致入微,实践起来难免繁琐,不过如此细分自有其道理,实际上体现了日本各地垃圾分类的“地域自治”特色,这是日本各地政府引入多元化处理方式、循环利用方式所产生的结果。

劳动剩余条件下的供给不足与工资上涨——基于家庭分工的视角丁守海《中国社会科学》2011年第5期2011-10-26中文摘要:基于家庭经济学和时间配置理论可以证明,劳动剩余条件下的劳动供给并不是无限的。前7月中国外贸结构持续优化


  习近平同志在十九大报告中,为我国经济社会的发展绘制了新时代的路线图和时间表,在全面建成小康社会之后,于2035年基本实现现代化,于2050年建成繁荣富强民主和谐美丽的社会主义现代化强国,实现中华民族的伟大复兴。

【MC】36(6),20102010-11-01ModernChinaNovember2010;36(6):pp559–675ManufacturingLoyalty:ThePoliticalMobilizationofLaborinTaiwan,1950—1986Ming-shoHoNationalTaiwanUniversity,TaipeiCity,TaiwanAbstract:Authoritarianismexpectsworkerstop,,,workersadoptedarichv’behaviorsintermsofritualism,innovation,,theinfrastructureofpoliticalmobilizationremaine,onlywiththefundamentalchangeinthepoliticalenvironmentbroughtaboutbydemocratizationdidthislaborcontrolstrategyfinallycollapseRecoveringChildhood:Play,Pedagogy,andtheRiseofPsychologicalKnowledgeinContemporaryUrbanChinaOrnaNaftaliHebrewUniversityofJerusalem,Jerusalem,IsraelAbstract:Inthepastfewdecades,Chdsandseekstor’sschoolsandhomesin2004—2005,thepresentarticledescribesthecomplexwaysShanghai’steachersandparentsengagewiththisnormalizing,shiftinChinesemodesofgoverningschoolandfamilylife,andincurrentconceptualizationsofthechild-as-citizenandthechild-as-subjectinpostsocialist,:TheMakingofChiangKai-shek’sShilü,Canton,NY,USAAbstract:Inthemidstofwar,secretariesbeganselectingandorganizingexcerptsfromChiangKai-shek’sdiary,telegrams,writtenreports,andspeechestoformtheshilüegaoben,whichmightberoughlytranslatedas“draft”or“workingmanuscripts.”YetbecauseoftheGuomindang’slaterexodustoTaiwan,th,theyopenanintriguingwindowintotheprocessofestablishingaChineseleader’üetoitsnearestequivalent,thedynasticStandardHistories,thisarticlefindsthatitscontentreflectedthechangefromtherelationsh,byclarifyingthemethodologyinformingtheshilüeasapolitical/historicaldocument,thisarticlefindsthatthesecretaries’varyinggoalsfor,andabilitiestoputtogether,theshilüeinfluencedhowposteritywouldviewChiang’slegacy.“AttackingQueshan”:PopularCultureandtheCreationofaRevolutionaryFolkloreinSouthernHenanJohnWilliamsTheColoradoCollege,ColoradoSprings,CO,USAAbstract:ThisarticleexaminesruralmobilizationandpropagandabytheChineseCommunistParty(CCP)inHenanviathecaseofanuprisingduringtheNorthernExpedition,aswellnetworksinearlyruralmobilization,whichinthiscontextrequiredinfiltrationoflocal,volt,illustratingboththefunctionofearlyCCPpropagandawithinruralpopularcultureanditsimplicationsforofficialhistoriography,whichpract,memoirs,andlocalhistoriestoshowthatthehistoricalsignificanceoftheQueshanuprisingresideslessinthefailedrevoltitselfthaninthewaysitslegacywasappropriatedbycadresandhistoriansduringthetwentiethcentury.


榜样的力量是无穷的,哪里有榜样,哪里就有新气象。共于广州市一日内成交5宗住宅用地 网民对于政治话题的兴趣未减,而表达方式和话语表现上则呈现了策略化的调整;  2.“嘻哈网民”和“热衷政治”讨论同时增长,呈现精英与大众在话题上的分化;  3.“快闪事件”和“持续高潮事件”并存共长,表现出政府规制下传播新特征和舆论场的潜流暗涌。

网民对于政治话题的兴趣未减,而表达方式和话语表现上则呈现了策略化的调整;  2.“嘻哈网民”和“热衷政治”讨论同时增长,呈现精英与大众在话题上的分化;  3.“快闪事件”和“持续高潮事件”并存共长,表现出政府规制下传播新特征和舆论场的潜流暗涌。延安整风运动中,思想政治工作的加强使全党的凝聚力、战斗力得到了空前提高。


村治实验:中国农村基层民主的发展样态及逻辑马华中国社会科学2018年05期2018-06-07题目:村治实验:中国农村基层民主的发展样态及逻辑作者:马华来源:中国社会科学2018年05期摘要:以传统中国乡村自治以及近代以来农村基层民主的历史变迁为底色,以"制度"、"组织"和"能力"为核心要件的三场"村治实验",反映了中国农村基层民主的发展样态和实践逻辑。

以北京美发业为例,本文分析发现,其劳动分工体系是围绕性别与年龄的交会展开的。


中国体育,明天会更好(体坛观澜)

,20082012-02-16TheChinaQuarterlyVolume196,Dec2008SpecialSectiononNewFrontiersinSurveyResearchpp755-758AnIntroductiontoSurveyResearchonChinesePoliticsMelanieManionInapoliticalenvironmentthatremains(atbest)officiallyscepticalabouttheenterprise,representativesurveysonChinesepoliticshaveneverthelessgrownsubstantiallyinnumberinthepasttwodecades:politicalscientiststrainedandbasedoutsidemainlandChinaconductedameretwosuchsurveysinthe1980s,butthenumngYangAbstract:Usingdatafroma2004nationalsurvey,igrantworkersasvictimsofChinaseconomicgrstatus:theirsocio-economicconditions,relationswithruralandurbanresidents,lue-collarandservicejobsthanurbanresidents,theireconomic,,migrantworgrowingsocialinfluenceisapositivedevelopmentinChina:DemocraticSupportandRegimeSupportamongChinasPrivateEntrepreneursJieChenandBruceJDicksonAbstract:ThisarticleexaminestheintensityandsourcesofChineseprivateentrepreneursivateentre,Chinasprivateentrepreneurs,democraticvalues,lifesatisfaction,evaluationofgovernmentpolicyperformanceandperceptionofofficialcorruptionplaythemostdecisiverolesinshapingprivateentrepreneurstersoftheregimewhensubjectivevaluesarealsoconsidered;andfortheroleofLilyLTsaiAbstract:Despitethegeneralconsensusonproblemswithofficialincomestatistics,quaftheextentandmagnitudeofincomedatafalsificationbyvillagecadresandusesstatisticalanalysistoidentifyflagecadreswerelesslikelytoinflatevillageincomepercapitawhentheywerecadre-entrepreneurs,whentheywerelocatedinvillageswithwellimplementedelections,whentheywereembeddedinvillage-widesolidarygroupssuchastemplesandlineages,whentheyexperiencedlessdirectsupervisionfromtownshipofficials,sPoliticalElite:ThePartySchoolSystemDavidShambaughAbstract:Oneofthemostimportant,butunder-researchedandleastwellunderstood,instrumentsoftheChineseCommunistParty(CCP)istheextensivenationalnetworkofPartyschools(approximately2,700).Theyserveasthekeyinstitutionofmid-careertrainingandindoctrinationforallPartycadres,manygovernmentcadres,,thePartyschoolsystem(particularlytheCentralPartySchoolinBeijing),withsomebeinginvolvedincorruptionscandals,butonthewholetheyhavecometoplayanincreasinglyimportantroleintheCCPrchofDirectElectionsJudeAHowellAbstract:Sincethemid-1990stradeunionleadersinZhejiang,Guangdong,Shandongandothercoastalprovinceshavebeenquietlyintroducingdirectelectionsforgrassrootstradeunioncadres,inordertonurtureastratumofgrassrootstradeunioncadreswhoprioritizeworkers,beeninstitutionalizedthroughlegislationordrawndrovesofinternats搒,structuralandinstitutionalreasonsbehinaFederationofTradesUnionsinthedirectionofamoreeffective,朇hinaRelations:VenerableHongChoonandHisVisits,1982990JackMengTatChiaAbstract:VenerableHongChoon(19070),theVenerablemetnationalandreligiousleaders,madepilgrimagestosacredBuddhistsites,helpedtorestorethemonasteriesassociatedwithhismasterVenerableHuiQuan,hoonapore朇hinarelationssincethereopeningofChinainthelate1970s,andarguesthatBuddhismplayedaroleinfosteringinternationalrelationsbetweenthetwocoun,VenerableHongChoonsreligiousvisitscouldthusEvolvingApproachtoAsymmetricWarfareinYananAndrewBinghamKennedyAbstract:Maosconfidenceinmilitaryconfrontationswithmorepowerfuladversaristhinkinginthisregard,focusingparticularlyonhisyearsinYan,theanalysisstressestheimportanceofexperience,asopposedtoideology,inthedevelopmentofMao,MaosmartialconfidencedidnotsnAbstract:Thisarticlesetsoutaframeworkforconceptualizingandresearchrossthreepresidentialcampaigns,itprovidesempiricalesti,1921008EzraFVogelpp919-923ErikZ黵cher,1928008:BuddhismandtheEuropeanUnderstandingofChinaTHBarrettBookReviewspp924-925TheThreeFacesofChinesePower:Might,Money,andMinds,:UniversityofCaliforniaPress,+364pp.$:AdaptationandtheReinventionofLegitimacy,:Routledge,:TowardstheCoordinatedMarketEconomy,,NewYorkandDelhi:AnthemPress,+:Work,Community,andPoliticsinChina抯RuralEnterprises,,MA:HarvardUniversityAsiaCenter,+224pp.$:Investment,Finance,andReform,JamesRiedel,:PrincetonUniversityPress,+$;DougGuthriepp931-932BusinessNetworksandStrategicAlliancesinChina,StewartClegg,,UKandNorthampton,MA:EdwardElgar,+抯OpeningSociety:TheNon-StateSectorandGovernance,:Routledge,+$;MichaelSLenihanpp934-935China抯EmbeddedActivism:OpportunitiesandConstraintsofaSocialMovement,:Routledge,+;$:FutureRulers,PresentLives,:Routledge,+;$:Migration,theStateandtheHousehold,:Routledge,+;$:ChineseCinema,Literature,andCriticismintheMarketAge,,CA:StanfordUniversityPress,+300pp.$:TheLanguageofChineseCriticalInquiry,,MA:HarvardUniversityPress,$:PerspectivesfromEurope,JapanandtheUnitedStates,RobertAsh,:Routledge,+;$抯RelationswithChina:FacingaRisingPower,:Routledge,+抯EconomicRelationswiththeWestandJapan,19499:Grain,TradeandDiplomacy,:Routledge,+:ColdWarintheCommunistWorld,,NJ:PrincetonUniversityPress,+PowersinChina,:CambridgeUniversityPress,+,1978朠resent:CentralizationofPowerandRationalizationoftheLegalSystem,:Routledge,+248pp.$:CivilTrialsintheMagistrate抯Court,:OxfordUniversityPress,+:Crime,ConflictandJudgment,,WA:UniversityofWashingtonPress,+343pp.$:ToTeachandToLearn,,NY:StateUniversityofNewYorkPress,$:EthnicityandExpansionontheMingBorderlands,:CambridgeUniversityPress,+246pp.$(July朣eptember2008)QuarterlyChronicleandDocumentationpp960-991QuarterlychronicleanddocumentationContributorspp992-994ContributorsAcknowledgementspp995-996Acknowledgements


  实践告诉我们,把党的奋斗目标和人民期盼结合起来,就会赢得空前的力量。

【MC】36(5),20102010-09-01ModernChinaSeptember2010;36(5):pp463-555WhoGetstheHouseRenegotiatingPropertyRightsinPost-SocialistUrbanChinaDeborahDavisYaleUniversity,NewHavenCT,USAAbstract:PrivatizationofurbanhousinginChinahasalteredthebasicp,divorcewasrareduringtheMaoyears,,employersyordinarycitizensin24focusgroups,thearticleillustrateshowordinarycitizensarenegotiatingw:Self,Anger,andClassActionamongtheSecondGenerationofPeasant-WorkersinPresent-DayChinaPunNgaiHongKongPolytechnicUniversity,HongKongSARLuHuilinPekingUniversity,Beijing,ChinaAbstract:Asaresultofitsopen-doorpoliciesand30yearsofreform,Chinahasbecomethe“world’sfactory”(semi-)proletarianizationofChinesepeasant-workers:nowthesecondgenerationisexperiencingdagong,workingforaboss,ayInwhatwaydoesthepathofproletarianizationshapethenewChineseworkingclassDrawingonworkers’narrativesandourethnographicstudiesinShenzhenandDongguanbetween2005and2008,thisstudyfocusesonthesubjectiveexperiencesofthesecondgenerationofdagongmei/zai,femalemigrantworkers/malemigrantworkers,whohavedevelopednewfctsgraduallyevolveintotheangerandresentmentthathasconditionedthelaborstrikesandclassactionsofthesecondgenerationInshort,whatcontinuityandchangecanweobserveinthelifestrugglesofthisnewworkingclassIsthesecondgenerationofdagongsubjectscompelledtotakeactionasaresultoflong-enduredpainandangerSelf,anger,andcollectiveaction,Washington,DC,USAAbstract:AlthoughstudiesofChinesespiritmediumsinMalaysia,Singapore,andTaiwanabound,nChina,andinsomeareas,elativelylowstatustoholdpositionsofreligiousauthoritybutalsobecausefemalespiritmediumssometimesaddresscommunityneedsthatarenotaddressedbyotherreligiousauthorities.华中科技大学学术委员会副主任、国家传播战略研究院院长、中央民族大学新闻与传播学院特聘院长张昆教授为项目评议专家组组长兼会议主持,北京大学国家战略传播研究院院长程曼丽教授、清华大学新闻与传播学院院长周庆安教授、中国人民大学新闻学院执行院长周勇教授、复旦大学新闻学院院长张涛甫教授、暨南大学新闻与传播学院副院长郑亮教授担任项目评议专家。


再当“排头兵”!比亚迪获颁国内首张SGS承诺碳中和符合声明证书 【MC】36(6),20102010-11-01ModernChinaNovember2010;36(6):pp559–675ManufacturingLoyalty:ThePoliticalMobilizationofLaborinTaiwan,1950—1986Ming-shoHoNationalTaiwanUniversity,TaipeiCity,TaiwanAbstract:Authoritarianismexpectsworkerstop,,,workersadoptedarichv’behaviorsintermsofritualism,innovation,,theinfrastructureofpoliticalmobilizationremaine,onlywiththefundamentalchangeinthepoliticalenvironmentbroughtaboutbydemocratizationdidthislaborcontrolstrategyfinallycollapseRecoveringChildhood:Play,Pedagogy,andtheRiseofPsychologicalKnowledgeinContemporaryUrbanChinaOrnaNaftaliHebrewUniversityofJerusalem,Jerusalem,IsraelAbstract:Inthepastfewdecades,Chdsandseekstor’sschoolsandhomesin2004—2005,thepresentarticledescribesthecomplexwaysShanghai’steachersandparentsengagewiththisnormalizing,shiftinChinesemodesofgoverningschoolandfamilylife,andincurrentconceptualizationsofthechild-as-citizenandthechild-as-subjectinpostsocialist,:TheMakingofChiangKai-shek’sShilü,Canton,NY,USAAbstract:Inthemidstofwar,secretariesbeganselectingandorganizingexcerptsfromChiangKai-shek’sdiary,telegrams,writtenreports,andspeechestoformtheshilüegaoben,whichmightberoughlytranslatedas“draft”or“workingmanuscripts.”YetbecauseoftheGuomindang’slaterexodustoTaiwan,th,theyopenanintriguingwindowintotheprocessofestablishingaChineseleader’üetoitsnearestequivalent,thedynasticStandardHistories,thisarticlefindsthatitscontentreflectedthechangefromtherelationsh,byclarifyingthemethodologyinformingtheshilüeasapolitical/historicaldocument,thisarticlefindsthatthesecretaries’varyinggoalsfor,andabilitiestoputtogether,theshilüeinfluencedhowposteritywouldviewChiang’slegacy.“AttackingQueshan”:PopularCultureandtheCreationofaRevolutionaryFolkloreinSouthernHenanJohnWilliamsTheColoradoCollege,ColoradoSprings,CO,USAAbstract:ThisarticleexaminesruralmobilizationandpropagandabytheChineseCommunistParty(CCP)inHenanviathecaseofanuprisingduringtheNorthernExpedition,aswellnetworksinearlyruralmobilization,whichinthiscontextrequiredinfiltrationoflocal,volt,illustratingboththefunctionofearlyCCPpropagandawithinruralpopularcultureanditsimplicationsforofficialhistoriography,whichpract,memoirs,andlocalhistoriestoshowthatthehistoricalsignificanceoftheQueshanuprisingresideslessinthefailedrevoltitselfthaninthewaysitslegacywasappropriatedbycadresandhistoriansduringthetwentiethcentury.

新时代,我们要引导人民群众增强历史思维的能力,积极构建新形势下传播社会主义核心价值观的舆论体系,牢牢掌握马克思主义意识形态话语权,坚决祛除历史虚无主义沉疴。河南邓州市探索下放办事权改革 要合理地认知、评价政府和市场因素在不同类别、不同地域农村社会组织发展中的作用,为中国农村社会组织发展和培育探寻"本土化"的路径。


【TCQ】,20082012-02-16TheChinaQuarterlyVolume194,June2008ResearchArticlespp275-293EnvironmentalCleanupandHealthGainsfromBeijing,Beijingchosea“GreenOlympics”themetoindicatethathostingtheOlympicGameswouldservea,itisappropriatetoexaminethecity,andalsoquantifiessomeofthehealthbenefitsofthesecleanupactivities,llionyuanoveraten-yearperiod,sForeignPolicyinSport:ThePrimacyofNationalSecurityandTerritorialIntegrityConcerningtheTaiwanQuestionJunweiYuAbstract:Traditionally,researchthatexaminesforeignpolicyinsportoftenrevolvesaroundtheprestige,status,,thisarticlearguesthatfromtheoutset,Chinasforeignpolicyonsportvis-à-visTaiwanhasplac,an“Olympicformula”hasbeendevisedenablingTaiwantoparticipa,a“oneChinaprinciple”hasbeenimposed,:ChinasMultilateralApproachtoAsianFinancialCo-operationInjooSohnAbstract:ThisstudyexplainstheideationalsourcesofChinasproactivemultilateraldiplo(power-transitionthesis,realistbalancingthesisandeconomicutilitythesis),thisstudyarguesthatthecollectivelearningofChinesepolicyelitesthroughcognitivedissonance,feedbackeffectsandtransnationalpersuasionexplainsmuchofthechangeinChinasrelatiosbehaviourchangefromitsmutedoppositiontoAsianfinancialco-operationinthe1990stoitsactivesupportofregionalfinancialco-operationintheearly2000s,asevidencedintheemergenceoftheChiangMaiInitiative,Chinese–Japanese–SouthKorsnationalpreferencemaymakeitssupportforAsianfinancialco-operationmoreconsisParticipationinFarmingAlandeBrauw,QiangLi,ChengfangLiu,ScottRozelleandLinxiuZhangAbstract:ThegoalsofthisarticlearetohelpbuildaclearpictureoftheroleofwomeninChinasagriculture,toassesswhetherornotagriculturalfeminizationhasbeenoccurring,andifso,tomeasureitsimpactonlabouruse,asfarmsandtheeffectsofthelabourallocationdecisionsofruralhouseholdsonlabouruse,,weestablishaconceptualframeworkwithinwhichtodefinethedifferen,asacontributiontotheChinaliteratureandcontrarytopopularperceptions,webelievewehavemostlydebunkedthemyththatChinasagricultureisbecomingfeminized;,theconsequencesinChinawouldbemostlypositive–fromalaboursupply,,theremaybesomelessonsfortherestoftheworldonwhatpoliciesandinstitutionshelpmakewomenproductivewhentheyworkonandmanageanation,regulationsthatdictateopenaccesstocredit,andeconomicdevelopmentstrategiesthatencouragecompetitiveandefficientm:AnEmpiricalAnalysisYongGuoAbstract:Basedonanevaluationofthreemethodsadoptedbycurrentempiricalanalysisofcorruption,thisarti:thelatencyperiodofcorruption,thenum,thearticledevelopsanewmethodtodescribethepositionofcorruptionintransitionalChina,andpresentsnewevidenceoncharacteristicsandtrendsofcorruptionanditsrelationwithChina::Thisarticleexplorestheubiquitousthemesofloneliness,isolationandanomieinMandopop(MandarinChineselanguagepopmusic).ThisisnottoimplythatpeopleinthePRCandTaiwanarelonelierthanpeoplefromothercountriesbut,rather,ghaiandTaipeitofindoutwhyMandopop,ShanghaiExiles,andPostwarHongKongCinemaPoshekFuAbstract:Thisarticleexploresalittle-,ChinawasinthethroesofcivilwarbetweentheNationalistsandCommunistswhileBritishcolonialrulewasrestoredinHongKong,,theflowsandlinkagesbetweenShanghaian–HongKongnexusplayedasignificantroleintherebuildingofthepost-warHongKongfilmindustryandpavedthewayforitstransform,politicalandbusinesshistoryofpost-warHongKongcinema,thisarticleaimstoopenupnewavenuestounderstand20th-centuryChinesehistoryandculturethroughthetranslocalandregionalperspectiveoftheShanghai–orea:AnAssessmentJaeHoChungAbstract:Giventheextraordinarypaceofacross-the-boardexpansioninKorea–Chinarelations,thelackofassessmentsonthestateofstud,itexamineshowtheepistemologicalcommunityhasevolvedoveyChinesepoliticsbylookingatmonographs,refereedestudiesofcontemporaryChinesepolitics,whichmay:TheSelectionofChinasTownshipLeadersStigThøgersenAbstract:ChinastownshipleadeadersinonecountyinYunnan,andthenlooksattwopartlycontradictorytrendsincadreselection:,1943–2008RyoseiKokubunBookReviewspp428-429MaoZedongzhuan(Mao:ABiography).LuosiTelier[RossTerrill].Beijing:Zhongguorenmindaxuechubanshe,sElitePolitics::WorldScientific,+449pp.$;ødsgaardpp430-432ChinaFactors:,NJ:TransactionPress,+165pp.$;:,CA:StanfordUniversityPress,+362pp.$t:ASEAN–:WorldScientific,+:,CTandLondon:PraegerSecurityInternational,+200pp.$sIndustrialPoliciesandtheGlobalBusinessRevolution::Routledge,+::CornellUniversityPress,+268pp.$;a:Liangshan:UniversityofWashingtonPress,+268pp.$;(Chas)Mckhannpp439-441BrandNewChina:Advertising,Media,,MAandLondon:HarvardUniversityPress,+sUrbanSpace:,,,:Routledge,+:,MA.:LincolnInstituteofLandPolicy,+302pp.$:Migration,,:TheChineseUniversityPress,+416pp.$íriPálpp445-446AChinaMoreJust:MyFightasaRightsLawyerintheWorld,CA:BroadPress,+255pp.$:UniversityofHawaiiPress,+265pp.$().Leiden:Brill,+636pp.€;$on:,NewYork:CambriaPress,,LosAngelesandLondon:UniversityofCaliforniaPress,,LosAngelesandLondon:UniversityofCaliforniaPress,+322pp.$;:Th,LosAngelesandLondon:UniversityofCaliforniaPress,xiv+290pp.$;inRuralChina:RuralPoliticalChangeintheNorthChinaPlainandtheYangziDelta,1850–:Routledge,+::ColumbiaUniversityPress,+382pp.$::,+s:VisualandMaterialCulturesofMingChina,1368–:ReaktionPress,eceivedQuarterlyChronicleandDocumentationpp466-510QuarterlychronicleanddocumentationContributorspp511-513Contributors

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